The general idea is that resonant frequencies can be more easily identified by applying the same force level over the entire frequency range.
The width of the input force is controlled by the duration of the shock pulse. However, the shorter the duration of the impulse, the wider the frequency range response.
To controll the input force frequency range, you can change the hammer tip in two ways:
- Hammer mass – Reducing the mass of the hammer tip causes the hammer to touch the structure for a shorter time. Because the reduced mass allows the hammer to reverse direction more easily after hitting the structure, thus reducing the contact time.
- Hammer tip stiffness – Increasing the stiffness of the tip also allows the hammer to shorten the time of contact. For example, a rubber tip could be replaced with a metal tip.
A hard tip has a very short pulse and excites a wide range of frequencies. Whereas a soft tip has a long pulse and excites a narrow frequency range. But the hammer tip itself does not completely determine the excited frequency range. The local flexibility of the structure must also be taken into account.
Generally applies: The lighter the hammer and the stiffer the tip, the higher the excited frequency range.
Choice of tips: